The Burren region of north Co. Clare covers some and is composed mainly of exposed limestone. It is undoubtedly one of the most fascinating geological landscapes in the world. Features of this karst landscape include dense networks of meandering cave systems, disappearing lakes known as turloughs, sweeping swirling limestone terraces and expansive pavements composed of blocks of limestone (clints) separated by deep narrow crevices (grikes).

The Burren is also home to a remarkably diverse and well preserved built heritage, richly representative of every era from the Mesolithic (c 8000 Р4000 BC) period onward. Excavations at a shell midden in Fanore provided the first indicators of late Mesolithic activity in the Burren.

The built heritage gives us an insight into the lives of generations past. Magnificent, evocative structures such as the famous Neolithic Poulnabrone portal tomb (3800 BC) exemplify this heritage. The Burren also includes about 80 wedge tombs, over 500 ringforts, including the spectacular Cahercummaun, ancient cooking sites, known as fullachta fiadh, ancient churches, holy wells penitential stations, tower houses, round towers and much much more.

The flora of the Burren is famous all over the world because of its remarkable beauty, richness and diversity. Over 70% of Ireland’s native flora is found in the Burren including 24 of the our 27 orchid species. The exuberant beauty of the Burren flora is matched by its intriguing nature, with Artic-Alpine plants growing beside Mediterranean plants. The diversity of its plant life adds a splash of colour and vibrancy to the Burren from early Spring through to Autumn. In Spring the Burren is carpeted with delicate blue gentians, the bold cerise bloody cranesbill comes into bloom in Summer and colourful orchids can be discovered right through to Autumn.

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